There always comes a time when the houseplant looks unhealthy. Usually, this is due to improper care. Various factors can affect indoor plants, like too much water, too little water, too much heat, improper fertilizer, and improper lighting conditions. However, in various cases, pest infestation is the biggest problem. Countless pests actually feed on houseplants. You need to be aware of how to deal with them in the event that they appear.
No matter what you might think, prevention is the most important thing at the end of the day. You can use the very best hydroponics system like Progrow or the best fertilizer and still end up with pests. Even so, the best way to tackle the situation is to prevent the appearance of indoor plants.
It is almost always easier to prevent the pest infestation. Eliminating one that already appeared is much more difficult. Some of the most important precautions that have to be taken are:
- Make sure the indoor plant has the proper growing conditions it needs. This can drastically vary from one plant to another.
- Look at the container and the plant before you buy it or you bring it inside the home to see if there are some signs of pests being present.
- It is very common for plants that were outside during the summer to have some plant pests inside because of easy access through drainage holes.
- Always isolate the new plants from the old plants for around 6 weeks.
- As your plants are isolated, look at them to see if there are signs of damage or pests. Do this around one time per week. Be particularly careful with undersides since this is where most pests appear. A magnifying lens can be used in order to spot pests at immature growth stages.
- As the plant is repotted, utilize commercially prepared soil. Do not just take soil from outdoors because they can have pests.
- Keep cut flowers away from your garden.
- Doors and screens have to fit well to avoid pests entering the home with ease.
Non-Chemical Pest Control
- When one plant is infested, seriously consider removing it.
- You can remove early infestations through handpicking.
- Many pests can simply be removed with water spraying. Additionally, you can use insecticidal soap.
- Whenever you have that is not valuable or severely damaged, it is best to just discard it.
Chemical Pest Control
Whenever your plant has value and the non-chemical pest control methods failed, you will most likely need to use a stronger pesticide. Before you choose it, you have to properly identify the cause of the infestation. Basically, you need to know exactly what pest you deal with. There are numerous pesticides on the market and most of them only work on some pests.
Usually, the label on the pesticide includes the plants it works for and plants that are very sensitive to it. Always stop using the chemical if you notice leaves distorted, buds distorted, yellowing leaves, leaves spotted, and burned leaves. Damage usually becomes visible in around one week.